Deep Euteceic Solvents-Assisted synthesis of Novel Network Nanostructures for Accelerating Formic Acid Electrooxidation

Jun-Ming Zhang, Key Laboratory of Magnetic Molecules & Magnetic Information Materials Ministry of Education, The School of Chemical and Material Science, Shanxi Normal University, Taiyuan 030031, China;Guangxi Key Laboratory of Low Carbon Energy Materials, College of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, China;Kunshan Superior Silk Screen Printing Material Co., LTD, Kunshan 215300, China;
Xiao-Jie Zhang, Key Laboratory of Magnetic Molecules & Magnetic Information Materials Ministry of Education, The School of Chemical and Material Science, Shanxi Normal University, Taiyuan 030031, China;Guangxi Key Laboratory of Low Carbon Energy Materials, College of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, China;
Yao Chen, Key Laboratory of Magnetic Molecules & Magnetic Information Materials Ministry of Education, The School of Chemical and Material Science, Shanxi Normal University, Taiyuan 030031, China;
Ying-Jian Fang, Key Laboratory of Magnetic Molecules & Magnetic Information Materials Ministry of Education, The School of Chemical and Material Science, Shanxi Normal University, Taiyuan 030031, China;
You-Jun Fan, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Low Carbon Energy Materials, College of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, China;
Jian-Feng Jia, Key Laboratory of Magnetic Molecules & Magnetic Information Materials Ministry of Education, The School of Chemical and Material Science, Shanxi Normal University, Taiyuan 030031, China;

Abstract

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) have been reported as a solvent for the controllable synthesis of metal nanostructures. Interestingly, flower-like Pd nanoparticles composed of staggered nanosheets and nanospheres are spontaneously transformed into three-dimensional (3D) network nanostructures in choline chloride-urea DESs using ascorbic acid as a reducing agent. Systematic studies have been carried out to explore the formation mechanism, in which DESs itself acts as a solvent and soft template for the formation of 3D flower-like palladium network nanostructures (FNNs). The amounts of CTAB and NaOH also play a crucial role in the anisotropic growth and generation of Pd-FNNs. The low electrocatalytic performance of Pd is one of the major challenges hindering the commercial application of fuel cells. Whereas, the 3D Pd-FNNs with lower surface energy and abundant grain boundaries exhibit enhanced electrocatalytic activity and stability towards formic acid oxidation, which the mass activity and specific activity is higher by 2.7 and 1.4 times than that of commercial Pd black catalyst, respectively. Therefore, the current strategy provides a feasible route for the synthesis of unique Pd-based nanostructures.