A novel phase-transfer method was developed based on the decrease of PVP's solubility in water with increasing temperature,by means of which PVP-protected gold,silver and platinum nanoparticles can be conveniently transferred from aqueous phase to 1-butanol phase.Monodispersed metal nanoparticles were electrochemically synthesized at first in the aqueous,and then 1-butanol of appropriate volume was added to the aqueous phase.Heating the oil-water mixture to 80 ℃ under vigorous stirring would make metal nanoparticles leave the aqueous phase and enter into the 1-butanol phase,with high phasetransfer efficiency and without aggregation between nanoparticles.An electrochemical method to synthesize metal nanoparticles in the oil-water mixtures was further established,which provides a new path for collection of nanoparticles and preparation of metal nanofilms.


Nanoparticles, Phase-transfer, Poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone)(PVP), Electrochemical synthesis, Oil/water interface

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