Corresponding Author

Xin-Ping AI(xpai@whu.edu.cn)


In retrospect of the historical development of Electric Vehicles (EV), the impact of battery technologies on the progress of EV was discussed. In consequence, it is concluded that the lack of advanced batteries was the main cause for the fluctuations of EV development and the sluggish commercialization of electric cars in the past century. After a brief introduction to the classification and the requirements of electric vehicles, the main issues of the batteries including safety, temperature range for operation and the cost as well as the effects of these factors on the applications of advanced batteries for electric vehicles were discussed. Finally, the hot areas for future development in EV battery technologies were discussed.


electric vehicle, power battery, lithium ion battery

Publication Date


Online Available Date


Revised Date


Received Date



1、Cowan R and Hultén S. Escaping lock-In: The case of the electric vehicle [J]. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 1996, 53:61-79.
2、Midler C and Beaume R. Project-based learning patterns for dominant design renewal: The case of Electric Vehicle [J]. International Journal of Project Management, 2010, 28:142€“150.
3、Armand M and Tarascon J-M. Building better batteries [J]. Nature, 2008, 451:652-657.
4、Bayindir K Ç, Gözüküçük M A, Teke A. A comprehensive overview of hybrid electric vehicle: Powertrain configurations, powertrain control techniques and electronic control units [J]. Energy Conversion and Management, 2011,52: 1305€“1313.
5、Gao X P, Yang H X, multi-electron reaction materials for high energy density battery [J].Energy & Environmental Science, 2010, 3:165-240.
6、Scrosati B and Garche J. Lithium batteries: Status, prospects and future [J]. J. Power Sources, 2010,195:2419€“2430.
7、Feng X M, Ai X P, Yang H X, A positive-temperature-coefficient electrode with thermal cut-off mechanism for use in rechargeable lithium batteries [J]. Electrochem. Commun. , 2004,6:1021€“1024.
8、艾新平, 曹余良, 杨汉西. 高比能电池新材料与安全性新技术的研究进展Ⅰ.锂离子电池自激发安全保护机制[J]. 电化学, 2010, 16(1): 6-10.
9、夏兰,李素丽,艾新平,杨汉西. 锂离子电池的安全性技术[J]. 化学进展,2011,23(2/3):328-335.
10、 Amjad S, Neelakrishnan S, Rudramoorthy R. Review of design considerations and technological challenges for successful development and deployment of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles [J]. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews , 2010, 14 :1104€“1110.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.