Corresponding Author

Ya-Li ZHANG;Yu-Guo GUO(ygguo@iccas.ac.cn)


The sustainable development of energy and environment is one of the most influential issues of this century. Batteries, especially secondary batteries are important for powering out daily life. However, in many practical applications, such as in electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles, batteries should be used in packs and the performance consistency of each battery in the pack should be taken into consideration. As one of the performance parameters being used to characterize the battery consistency, internal resistance is of great importance to the industrial fabrication and the use of batteries. Currently, internal resistance tests of secondary batteries, such as lithium-ion batteries are usually performed in accordance with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Standard 61960 (2003). This comment addresses the problematic issues in the standard, both from its theoretical basis and its practical use in internal resistance testers, for providing instructional views on new standard setting of the entire battery industry, and hoping it definitely promote the development of sustainable energy devices as well as electric vehicles.

Graphical Abstract


lithium-ion batteries, internal resistance, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, internal alternating current resistance test standard

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