Corresponding Author

George Z. Chen(george.chen@nottingham.ac.uk)


Composites of conducting polymers (polypyrrole and polyaniline) with acid treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes were formulated into printable aqueous inks, with the aid of functional additives (benzethonium chloride as a surfactant with or without polyvinyl alcohol as a binder). The inks were screen-printed as fairly uniform coatings of various mass loading densities and areas (up to 75 mg cm-2 and 100 cm2) on thin titanium plates (0.1 mm in thickness). These screen-printed plates were used to fabricate both unit cell and multi-cell stack of asymmetrical supercapacitors with screen-printed negative electrodes of activated carbon (pigment black) in aqueous electrolytes (3.0 mol L-1 KCl or 1.0 mol L-1 HCl). In particular, a three-cell stack with two bipolar Ti plates of 100 cm2 in screen-printed area was constructed, demonstrating promising technical specifications: 3.0 V in stack voltage, 1.29~1.83 F cm-2 in electrode capacitance, 2.30~3.24 Wh kg-1 in specific energy, and 1.04 kW kg-1 in maximum specific power. Cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charging and discharging, and electrochemical impedance spectrometry were applied to study the composites, screen-printed coatings and individual and bipolarly stacked cells, assisted by optical and electron microscopy.

Graphical Abstract


Screen-printing, supercapacitors, conducting polymers, carbon nanotubes, bipolar plates

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