Corresponding Author

Xiao-gang Hao(xghao@tyut.edu.cn)


Electroactive PANI-SnP composite films were prepared by drop-coating method on Pt electrodes and investigated as electrochemically switched ion exchange (ESIX) materials for the separation of Cd2+ from aqueous solutions. The composition and morphology of the composite film were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). In solutions containing 0.1 mol·L-1 Ni(NO3)2 and Cd(NO3)2, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) were used to investigate the electrochemical behavior and ion-exchange mechanism of PANI-SnP composite film. The elementary composition of PANI-SnP composite films in both oxidation and reduction states were also characterized by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Experimental results show that the PANI-SnP composite films have reversible electrochemical behavior in aqueous solutions containing Cd2+ and Ni2+, respectively. The PANI-SnP composite film electrodes displayed a high selectivity toward Cd2+ in Cd2+/Ni2+ binary mixtures and the Cd2+ ions could be separated effectively from aqueous solutions by ESIX processes.

Graphical Abstract


electrochemically switched ion exchange, electroactive PANI-SnP, composite film, Cd(II) separation

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