Corresponding Author

Yong YANG(yyang@xmu.edu.cn)


The effects of fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) on the low temperature performance of lithium ion phosphate full battery are evaluated by different techniques. By addition of 5 wt% FEC into a commercial electrolyte, effective solid electrolyte interface (SEI) film can be formed on the graphite electrodes, the discharge capacity retention at -40 oC was increased from 31.7% to 43.7%, and the discharge voltage plateau of the cell is raised. This is attributed to a reduced charge transfer resistance and a lowered polarization on the graphite electrode by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and reference electrode test.

Graphical Abstract


Li-ion battery, fluoroethylene carbonate, lithium iron phosphate, low temperature performance

Publication Date


Online Available Date


Revised Date


Received Date



[1] Zhang S S, Xu K, Jow T R. An improved electrolyte for the LiFePO4 cathode working in a wide temperature range[J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2006, 159(1): 702-707.

[2] Etacheri V, Haik O, Goffer Y, et al. Effect of fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) on the performance and surface chemistry of Si-Nanowire Li-ion battery anodes[J]. Langmuir, 2012, 28(1): 965-976.

[3] Nakai H, Kubota T, Kita A, et al. Investigation of the solid electrolyte interphase formed by fluoroethylene carbonate on Si electrodes[J]. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 2011, 158(7): A798-A801.

[4] Yang C W(杨春巍), Wu F(吴锋), Wu B R(吴伯荣), et al. Low-temperature performance of Li-ion battery with fluoroethylene carbonate electrolyte[J]. Journal of Electrochemistry(电化学), 2011, 17(1): 63-66.

[5] Shan Y M(单毅敏), Lu X G(陆晓刚), Yang S(杨赛). Effect of fluoroethylene carbonate additive on the performance of Li-ion battery[J]. Chinese Battery Industry(电池工业), 2010, 15(4): 210-213.

[6] Xu J(许杰), Yao W H(姚万浩), Yao Y W(姚宜稳), et al. Effect of fluoroethylene carbonate additive on the performance of lithium ion battery[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica(物理化学学报), 2009, 25(2): 201-206.

[7] Liao X Z, Ma Z F, Gong Q, et al. Low-temperature performance of LiFePO4/C cathode in a quaternary carbonate-based electrolyte[J]. Electrochemistry Communications, 2008, 10(5): 691-694.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.