Corresponding Author

Hai-yan WANG(wanghy419@126.com)


Anode material has become the key issue for restricting the development of aqueous lithium ion battery (ALIB). Flake-like LiV3O8 materials were synthesized by sol-gel method using sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) as a template. The XRD and SEM results showed that as-prepared flake-like LiV3O8 was of high purity with monoclinic system and P21/m space group. LiMn2O4//Li2SO4//LiV3O8 ALIB was assembled and tested. As observed, the flake-like LiV3O8 here exhibited good high-rate performance and cycling stability. A high discharge capacity of 154 mAh.g-1 (based on the mass of negative electrode) was delivered at 0.1C (1C=300 mA.g-1). At 1C, 5C and 10C rates, the reversible discharge capacities of 134 mAh.g-1, 78 mAh.g-1 and 54 mAh.g-1 were retained, respectively. More importantly, the capacity retention after 170 cycles at 1C was about 60%.

Graphical Abstract


aqueous Li-ion battery, LiV3O8, sol-gel method, electrochemical properties

Publication Date


Online Available Date


Revised Date


Received Date



[1] Liu L, Tian F, Yang Z, et al. Electrochemical behavior of nanostructured LiV3O8 in aqueous LiNO3 solution[J]. Journal of Physics And Chemistry of Solids, 2011, 72(12): 1495-1500.

[2] Kohler J, Makihara H, Uegaito H, et al. LiV3O8: Characterization as anode material for an aqueous rechargeable Li-ion battery system[J]. Electrochimica Acta, 2000, 46(1): 59-65.

[3] Wang G J, Zhang H P, Fu L J, et al. Aqueous rechargeable lithium battery (ARLB) based on LiV3O8 and LiMn2O4 with good cycling performance[J]. Electrochemistry Communications, 2007, 9(8): 1873-1876.

[4] Zhao M, Huang G, Zhang B, et al. Characteristics and electrochemical performance of LiFe0.5Mn0.5PO4/C used as cathode for aqueous rechargeable lithium battery[J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2012, 211: 202-207.

[5] Liu L L, Wang X J, Zhu Y S, et al. Polypyrrole-coated LiV3O8 nanocomposites with good electrochemical performance as anode material for aqueous rechargeable lithium batteries[J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2013, 224: 290-294.

[6] Stojkovic I, Cvjeticanin N, Mitric M, et al. Electrochemical properties of nanostructured Li1.2V3O8 in aqueous LiNO3 solution[J]. Electrochimica Acta, 2011, 56(18): 6469-6473.

[7] Liu L, Zhou M, Wang X, et al. Improvement of electrochemical properties of LiV3O8/LiMn2O4 ARLB by NiO nanofibers coating on the anode[J]. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2012, 159(8): A1230-A1235.

[8] Shui M, Zheng W, Shu J, et al. Synthesis and electrochemical performance of Li1+xV3O8 as cathode material prepared by citric acid and tartaric acid assisted sol-gel processes[J]. Current Applied Physics, 2013, 13(3): 517-521.

[9] Liu L, Jiao L, Zhang Y, et al. Synthesis of LiV3O8 by an improved citric acid assisted sol-gel method at low temperature[J]. Materials Chemistry And Physics, 2008, 111(2-3): 565-569.

[10] Liu X, Wang J, Zhang J, et al. Sol-gel template synthesis of LiV3O8 nanowires[J]. Journal of Materials Science, 2007, 42(3): 867-871.

[11] Zhou Y, Yue H F, Zhang X Y, et al. Preparation and characterization of LiV3O8 cathode material for lithium secondary batteries through an EDTA-sol-gel method[J]. Solid State Ionics, 2008, 179(27/32): 1763-1767.

[12] Wang H Y(王海燕), Huang K L(黄可龙), Liu S Q(刘素琴), et al. Prepration and electrochemical properties of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 cathode ematerials by soft template assited sol-gel method[J]. Chinese Journal of Inorganic Chemistry(无机化学), 2009, 12(25): 2090-2096.

[13] Wang H, Ren Y, Wang Y, et al. Synthesis of LiV3O8 nanosheets as a high-rate cathode material for rechargeable lithium batteries[J]. Crystengcomm, 2012, 14(8): 2831-2836.

[14] Pan A, Zhang J G, Cao G, et al. Nanosheet-structured LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent stability for high energy lithium batteries[J]. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2011, 21(27): 10077-10084.

[15] Heli H, Yadegari H, Jabbari A. Low-temperature synthesis of LiV3O8 nanosheets as an anode material with high power density for aqueous lithium-ion batteries[J]. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2011, 126(3): 476-479.

[16] Yadegari H, Jabbari A, Heli H. An aqueous rechargeable lithium-ion battery based on LiCoO2 nanoparticles cathode and LiV3O8 nanosheets anode[J]. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 2012, 16(1): 227-234.

[17] Al-Assiri M S, El-Desoky M M, Alyamani A, et al. Spectroscopic study of nanocrystalline V2O5 center dot nH2O films doped with Li ions[J]. Optics and Laser Technology, 2010, 42(6): 994-1003.

[18] Wang H, Huang K, Ren Y, et al. NH4V3O8/carbon nanotubes composite cathode material with high capacity and good rate capability[J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2011, 196(22): 9786-9791.

[19] Wang W, Wang H, Liu S, et al. Synthesis of gamma-LiV2O5 nanorods as a high-performance cathode for Li ion battery[J]. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 2012, 16(7): 2555-2561.

[20] Yang G, Wang G, Hou W H. Microwave solid-state synthesis of LiV3O8 as cathode material for lithium batteries[J]. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 2005, 109(22): 11186-11196.

[21] Jiao L, Liu L, Sun J, et al. Effect of AlPO4 nanowire coating on the electrochemical properties of LiV3O8 cathode material[J]. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 2008, 112(46): 18249-18254.

[22] Liu J, Liu W, Wan Y, et al. Facile synthesis of layered LiV3O8 hollow nanospheres as superior cathode materials for high-rate Li-ion batteries[J]. RSC Advances, 2012, 2(28): 10470-10474.

[23] Jouanneau S, La Salle A L, Verbaere A, et al. The origin of capacity fading upon lithium cycling in Li1.1V3O8[J]. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2005, 152(8): A1660-A1667.

[24] Caballero A, Morales J, Vargas O A. Electrochemical instability of LiV3O8 as an electrode material for aqueous rechargeable lithium batteries[J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2010, 195(13): 4318-4321.

[25] Wang H, Huang K, Zeng Y, et al. Stabilizing cyclability of an aqueous lithium-ion battery LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2/LixV2O5 by polyaniline coating on the anode[J]. Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, 2007, 10(9): A199-A203.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.