Corresponding Author

Si-chen ZHAO(253032409@qq.com)


Based on the experiments about the output characteristics of a home-made temperature-controlled PEMFC system with atmospheric pressure and no external humidifying condition in different loading voltages and operating temperatures, the optimum operating temperature at different loading voltages can be obtained by tracking the output characteristics of PEMFC operating over a range of temperatures. By analyzing the fitted data the kinetic parameters are evaluated and the effect of different operating temperatures on the PEMFC performance is discussed from a view of electrode kinetics.

Graphical Abstract


proton exchange membrane fuel cell, self-humidifying, optimum operating temperature, output characteristic curve, temperature control

Publication Date


Online Available Date


Revised Date


Received Date



[1] Zawodzinski T A (Jr.), Derouin C, Radzinski S, et al. Water uptake by and transport through nafion? 117 membranes[J]. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 1993, 140(4): 1041-1047.
[2] Zawodzinski T A (Jr.), Springier T E, Davey J, et al. A comparative study of water uptake by and transport through ionomeric fuel cell membranes[J]. Journal of Electrochemical Society, 1993, 140(7): 1981-1985.
[3] Zawodzinki T A. Effects of water on the properties of polymer exchange membrane in fuel cell[J]. Solid State Ionics, 1993, 60: 199-201P.
[4] Ciureanu M, Roberge R. Electrochemical impedance study of PEM fuel cells. Experimental diagnosis and modeling of air cathodes[J]. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2001, 105(17): 3531-3539.
[5] Ge S H(葛善海), Yi B L(衣宝廉), Xu H F(徐洪峰). Model of water transport for proton-exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC)[J]. Journal of Chemical Industry and Engineering (化工学报), 1999, 50(1): 39-47.
[6] Buchi F N, Srinivasan S. Operating proton exchange membrane fuel cells without external humidification of the reactant gases - Fundamental aspects [J]. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 1997, 144(8): 2767-2772.
[7] Bemad D M, Verbrugge M W. A mathematical model of the solid-polymer-electrolyte fuel cell[J]. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 1992, 139(9): 2477-2491.
[8] Yu J R(于景荣), Yi B L(衣宝廉), Han M(韩明), et al. Operating proton exchange membrane fuel cells without external humidification[J]. Chinese Journal of Power Sources(电源技术), 2001, 25(5): 327-329.
[9] Chan S H, Han M, Jiang S P. Guidelines for stable operation of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell with self-humidifying membrane electrolyte assembly[J]. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2007, 154(5): B486-B493.
[10] Riascos L A M, Pereira D D. Limit operating temperature in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells[J]. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2009, 156(9): B1051-B1058.
[11] Srinivasan S, Ticianelli EA, Derouin C R, et al. Advances in solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell technology with low platinum loading electrodes[J]. Journal of Power Sources, 1988, 22(3/4): 359-375.
[12] Srinivasan S, Velew OA, Parthasarathy A, et al. High energy efficiency and high power density proton exchange membrane fuel cells — electrode kinetics and mass transport[J]. Journal of Power Sources, 1991, 36(3): 299-320.
[13] James L, Andrew D. Fuel cell system explained (Second edition)[M]. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2003: 22-24.
[14] Han M, Chan S H, Jiang S P. Investigation of self-humidifying anode in polymer electrolyte fuel cells[J]. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2007, 32: 385-391.
[15] Hogarth W H J, Benziger B. Operation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells with dry feeds: Design and operating strategies[J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2006, 159(2): 968-978.
[16] Li H, Tang Y H, Wang Z W, et al. A review of water flooding issues in the proton exchange membrane fuel cell[J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2008, 178(1): 103-117.
[17] Atiyeh H K, Karan K, Peppley B. Experimental investigation of the role of a micro porous layer on the water transport and performance of a PEM fuel cell[J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2007, 170(1):111-121.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.