Corresponding Author

ZHONG Yu-Wu and


Cyclometalated ruthenium complexes have received increasing attractions recently due to their excellent redox and photophysical properties. One structural feature of these complexes is that there is a ruthenium-carbon (Ru-C) σ bond presented in the molecule. Three common methods, namely, the “late metalation”, “early metalation”, and “transmetalation” methods, for the synthesis of cyclometalated ruthenium complexes are discussed and summarized. General strategies for the design of cyclometalating ligand and cyclometalated ruthenium complexes are introduced. By using different ancillary ligands, such as pyridine, imidazole, triazole, and pyrimidine, a great number of ruthenium complexes can be prepared. The presence of the Ru-C bond significantly decreases the ruthenium oxidation potential. The redox control of these complexes can be realized by using different ancillary ligands and substituents.

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ruthenium complexes, polypyridyl ligands, electrochemistry, redox-active materials, functional complexes

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