Corresponding Author

Yan-xia CHEN(yachen@ustc.edu.cn)


The oxidation reactions of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) at Au(111) and Au(100) electrodes in 0.1 mol·L-1 HClO4 were investigated by using rotating disk electrode system. It was found that H2O2 could be readily oxidized to O2 at both Au(100) and Au(111) surfaces with the onset potential close to its equilibrium potential. In contrast, the onset overpotential for H2O2 reduction was above 0.4 V, while the onset overpotential for H2O2 oxidation at Au(100) was ca. 0.1 V more negative than that at Au(111), this is probably due to special double bridge sites which facilitate the adsorption of OOH* intermediates and its further splitting of the O-H bond. When the electrode potential exceeded 1.2 V, the Au surface was gradually covered by oxides, which significantly inhibit the oxidation reaction of H2O2. The inhibition effect became more obvious at Au(111) than that at Au(100), which corresponds well to the worse reversibility for the formation and reduction of Au oxides at Au(111). Finally, the comparisons in the H2O2 oxidation behaviors at Au(100) and Au(111) with that at Pt(111) indicated that the onset potential for H2O2 oxidation at Pt(111) should also be quite close to its equilibrium potential, and the observed high onset anodic current was due to the mixed potential effects of both the oxidation and reduction of H2O2 which occurred at the interface simultaneously.

Graphical Abstract


Hydrogen peroxide Oxidation, Au single crystal electrode, rotating disk electrode

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