Corresponding Author

Xin-sheng ZHANG(xszhang@ecust.edu.cn)


The electrochemical reduction of trivalent chromium ion (Cr3+) to Cr in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([BMIM]OAc)-H2O mixed electrolyte was investigated. The cyclic voltammograms showed that the electroreduction of Cr3+ in the mixed electrolyte occurred in a two-step process, namely, Cr3+ + e → Cr2+ and Cr2+ + 2e→ Cr0, controlled by the diffusion of Cr3+ to the electrode. The diffusion coefficient of Cr3+ was 1.2×10-8 cm2/s at 40 ℃ obtained by Rendle-Sevcik equation. The chronoamperomograms of the Cr3+ electrodeposition confirmed the three-dimensional instantaneous nucleation mechanism of Cr. The XRD and SEM characterizations on the Cr coating after calcining in argon atmosphere at 600℃ revealed that the coating was composed of Cr and chromium oxide (Cr2O3) nanoparticles with an average particle size of 0.48 μm. The elements of Cr and O were obviously detected from the coating obtained at 40℃ and -3.0V by EDX and the mass fraction of Cr reached 83.8%. Comparison in the qualities of coating layers prepared by Cr electrodepositions in [BMIM]OAc, [BMIM]BF4 and [BMIM]PF6 electrolytes indicated that the OAc- was presented in favor of Cr3+ reduction.

Graphical Abstract


electrodeposition, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate, trivalent chromium ion, Cr coating

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