Corresponding Author

Yu-sheng YANG(yangyush32@126.com)


In this paper, research activities from my groups in the field of electrochemical energy storage are reviewed for the past 22 years, which is divided into three sections. The first section describes the researches related to high specific energy and high specific power energy storage devices, including lithium sulfur batteriies (sulfur composite cathode material, lithium sulfur battery fabrication, lithium boron alloy as lithium sulfur battery anodes, and sulfur lithium-ion battery new system), supercapacitors (super activated carbon, capacitive carbon prepared from phenolic resin, carbon nanotube array parasitic pseudo-capacitive energy storage materials, necessary properties of capacitive carbons, nickel hydroxide xerogels pseudo-capacitive energy storage materials,the development of capacitors, and the determination of “the fourth type” supercapacitors), and lithium-ion batteries (the confrontation between lithium-ion batteries and renewable fuel cells, the cathode material of dual variable-valency elements, lithium cobalt phosphate cathode materials, and high-power lithium-ion batteries). The second section describes the researches linked to a large-scale energy storage battery, including new systems of flow battery (dual function flow battery of energy storage and electrochemical synthesis, all metal compounds single flow battery, and organic compound positive electrode single flow battery), revitalizing lead-acid batteries (promoting new technology of lead-acid batteries, lead-carbon battery and new grid of lead-acid battery), and economic benefit calculation method of energy storage battery (station). The third section describes the research roadmaps in the development of electric vehicles including hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles and pure electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles, the suggestions in the development of electric vehicles in China, striving for the rationalization of subsidies for electric vehicles, adhering to the purpose of “energy saving and emission reduction” of electric vehicles, and putting forward “direct drive electric vehicles for power generation”. Three opinions based on my experiences are provided at the end of this paper.

Graphical Abstract


electrochemical energy storage, lithium sulfur battery, supercapacitor, lithium-ion battery, flow battery, lead-acid battery, electric vehicles

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[21] Zhang J L, Zhang W F, Han M F, et al. Synjournal of nitrogen-doped polymeric resin-derived porous carbon for high performance supercapacitors[J]. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2018,270:204-210.

[22] Zhang H (张浩). Preparation and performance of carbon nanotube arrry and carbon nanotube array-based composite electrodes for electrochemical capacitors[D]. Research Institute of Chemical Defense (防化研究院), 2008.

[23] Yang Y S (杨裕生), Cao G P (曹高萍). Adjustment to properties of porous carbon for electrochemical capacitors[J]. Battery Bimonthly (电池), 2006,36(1):34-36.

[24] Cheng J (程杰). Studies of the electrochemical capacitors based on activated carbons and Ni(OH)2 xerogels[D]. Research Institute of Chemical Defense (防化研究院), 2006.

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[28] Wang Y (王跃). Preparation and improvement of electrochemical performance of LiCoPO4 as high voltage cathode material[D]. University of Science and Technology Beijing (北京科技大学), 2018.

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[35] Xu Y (徐艳). Study of the novel hydroquinone/quinone flow batteries[D]. Research Institute of Chemical Defense (防化研究院), 2010.

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[37] Wang L Y, Zhang W F, Gu L, et al. Tracking the morphology evolution of nano-lead electrodeposits on the internal surface of porous carbon and its influence on lead-carbon batteries[J]. Electrochimica Acta, 2016,222:376-384.
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[39] Zhang S K, Zhang H, Cheng J, et al. Novel polymer-graphite composite grid as a negative current collector for lead-acid batteries[J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2016,334:31-38.
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[40] Yang Y S (杨裕生). Grid of lead acid battery and lead acid battery[P]. Patent number: ZL201921251389.1 (中国).

[41] Yang Y S (杨裕生), Cheng J (程杰), Cao G P (曹高萍). A gauge for direct economic benefits of energy storage devices[J]. Battery Bimonthly (电池), 2011,41(1):19-21.

[42] Yang Y S (杨裕生). Discussion on electric vehicles and electrochemical energy storage[M]. Science Press (科学出版社), 2012.

[43] Yang Y S (杨裕生). Re-discussion on electric vehicles and electrochemical energy storage[M]. Science Press (科学出版社), 2017.

[44] Yang Y S (杨裕生). An energy-saving electric vehicle driven directly by electric power generation[P]. Patent number: 2017107099346 (中国).



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