Corresponding Author

Fang-ming JIANG(jiangfm@ms.giec.ac.cn)


The LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 (NCA) cathode exhibits high energy density and large reversible capacity, which plays an essential role in the field of electric vehicles (EVs). However, low capacity retention and poor thermal stability limit its application. Few literatures are found for the capacity degradation mechanism of NCA/graphite batteries at home and abroad. The different state of charge (SOC) ranges cycle degradation behaviors of 18650-type NCA/graphite (2.4 Ah) battery were studied in this paper. The SOC ranges considered were 0% ~ 20% (low), 20% ~ 70% (medium), 70% ~ 100% (high), and 0% ~ 100% (whole). To obtain the states of the batteries being cycled in different SOC ranges, the basic characteristics of the four batteries, including capacity, incremental capacity (IC), internal resistance, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), were tested at 25 oC before and after every 100-cycle up to 400 cycles. At the same time, the surface temperature of the batteries during discharging was monitored to analyze the thermal characteristics. A detailed analysis for the IC curve of NCA/graphite was performed, making the mechanism of capacity degradation more clear. The results show that the battery life would be shortened after the whole SOC range cycling and the battery aging rate would be reduced to a certain extent upon cycled in the partial range. In addition, the battery thermal characteristic became the worst after the whole SOC range cycling, but the battery thermal performance became the best after the medium SOC range cycling. Analyzing IC data reveals that the main reason for the performance degradation of batteries in the high, medium and low SOC ranges cycling may be the loss of active lithium ions, and that in the high SOC range cycling may also include the loss of active materials and the increase of reaction internal resistance.

Graphical Abstract


Key Words: lithium ion battery, nickel-cobalt-aluminum ternary cathode material, cycle interval, incremental capacity analysis, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, degradation mechanism

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