Non-specific absorption of enzyme and nucleotide is a main source leading to the background staining in enzyme-amplified amperometric detection of DNA. To eliminate the background staining in this system, the blocking procedure by mercapto-hexanol ( MCH) and bovine serum albumin ( BSA) was studied systematically. The results show that the anti-fouling effect of BSA is better than that of MCH. A simple and efficient blocking strategy employing BSA as the sole blocking reagent was established and applied in the detection of PMLRARα fusion gene in acute promyelocytic leukemia. It can effectively eliminate the background staining,shorten the pre-processing time,and achieve strong signal amplification.


electrochemical DNA sensor, enzyme-amplified amperometric assay, bovine serum albumin, blocking

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