The cathode material of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 synthesized by sol-gel method shows excellent high rate performance,and high output power density during discharge process. A well-ordered layered α-NaFeO2 structure was confirmed by XRD and a primary particle size of about 500 nm was indicated by SEM. Galvanostatic charge-discharge test indicates that LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 in 2 mol·L-1 LiNO3 aqueous solution with pH 12 reached a ca-pacity of 147 mAh/g while charged and discharged at 2C. The capacities were 64、33、16 mAh/g with 80C ( 14. 4 A/g) 、150C( 27 A/g) and 220C ( 39. 6 A/g) charge/discharge rates,while the power densities of the battery were 2574 W/kg、3925 W/kg、4967 W/kg,respectively. It retained 90. 9% of the initial capacity after 1000 cycles at 80 C.


aqueous lithium-ion battery, LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2, cathode material, sol-gel method

Publication Date


Online Available Date


Revised Date


Received Date



[1]Tarascon J M,Armand M.Issues and challenges facing rechargeable lithium batteries[J].Nature,2001,144,(15):359-367.
[2]Li W,Dahn J R,Wainwright D S.Rechargeable lithium ion batteries with aqueous electrolytes[J].Science,1994,264:1115.
[3]He P,Zhang X,Wang Y G,et al.Lithium-ion intercala-tion behavior of LiFePO4in aqueous and nonaqueous e-lectrolyte solutions[J].Journal of the Electrochemical Society,2008,155(2):A144-A150.
[4]Xia Yongyao(夏永姚),Luo Jiayan(罗家严),Wang Yonggang(王永刚).Reserch progress in aqueous lithi-um ion battery[J].Chinese Journal of Power Sources,2008,32(7):431-434.
[5]Luo Jiayan,Xia Yongyao.Aqueous lithium-ion battery Li-Ti2(PO4)3/LiMn2O4with high power and energy densi-ties as well as superior cycling stability[J].Adv Funct Mater,2007,17:3877-3884.
[6]Ohzuku,Makimura.Layered lithium insertion material of LiCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2for lithium-ion batteries[J].Chem-istry Letters,2001,(7):642-643.
[7]Tsai Y W,Hwang B J,Ceder G.,et al.In-situ x-ray ab-sorption spectroscopic study on variation of electronic transitions and local structure of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2cathode material during electrochemical cycling[J].Chem Mater,2005,17(12):3191-3199.
[8]Yabuuchi N,Koyama Y,Nakayama N,et al.Solid-state chemistry and electrochemistry of LiCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2for advanced lithium-ion batteries II.Preparation and characterization[J].Journal of the Electrochemical Soci-ety,2005,152(7):A1434-A1440.
[9]Wang Y G,Luo J Y,Wu W,et al.Hybrid aqueous ener-gy storage cells using activated carbon and lithium-ion intercalated compounds III.Capacity fading mechanism of LiCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2at different pH electrolyte solu-tions[J].Journal of the Electrochemical Society,2007,154(3):A228-A234.
[10]Li J,Zhang Z R,Guo X J,et al.The studies on struc-tural and thermal properties of delithiated LixNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2(0≤x≤1)as a cathode material in lithium ion batteries[J].Solid State Ionics,2006,177:1509-1516.
[11]Ruffo R,Wessels C,Huggins R A,et al.Electrochemi-cal behavior of LiCoO2as aqueous lithium-ion battery electrodes[J].Electrochemistry Communications,2009,11:247-249.
[12]Lei Tian,Anbao Yuan.Electrochemical performance of nanostructured spinel LiMn2O4in different aqueous e-lectrolytes[J].Journal of Power Sources,2009,192:693-697.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.