Corresponding Author

Guan-ping JIN(jgp@hfut.edu.cn)


In this work, a promising flexible composite consisting of zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni) and aluminum (Al) layered double hydroxide coated carbon fibers (ZnNi/Al-LDHs/CFs) was prepared by electrochemical method with convenient recovery and separation. The structures, morphologies, and photo-electro catalytic properties of ZnNi/Al-LDHs/CFs were characterized by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques. The excellent photo-electro bifunctional catalytic properties were obtained with the ZnNi/Al-LDHs/CFs composite as compared to that of Zn/Al-LDHs/CFs (photo catalyst) or Ni/Al-LDHs/CFs (electrocatalyst) alone, which could be used in the electro-catalytic oxidations of methanol and ethanol, as well as the photo-electro synergistically catalytic degradation of 2,6-dichlorophenol.

Graphical Abstract


electrochemical preparation, flexible carbon fibers composite, ZnNi/Al-LDHs, photo-electro double catalyst

Publication Date


Online Available Date


Revised Date


Received Date



[1] Rives V. Layered double hydroxides: present and future[M]. New York:Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 2001.

[2] Yang K, Yan L G, Yang Y M, et al. Adsorptive removal of phosphate by Mg-Al and Zn-Al layered double hydroxides: Kinetics, isotherms and mechanisms[J]. Separation and Purification Technology, 2014, 124 (124): 36-42.

[3] Morioka H, Tagaya H, Karasu M, et al. Preparation of new useful materials by surface modification of inorganic layered compound[J]. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 1995,117(2): 337-342.
[4] Seftel E M, Popovici E, Mertens M, et al. Zn-Al layered double hydroxides: Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic application[J]. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2008, 113 (1): 296-304.

[5] Li S, Bhushan B. Lubrication performance and mechanisms of Mg/Al-, Zn/Al-, and Zn/Mg/Al-layered double hydroxide nanoparticles as lubricant additives[J]. Applied Surface Science, 2016, 378 :308-319.

[6] Tiara A M, Chakraborty S, Sarkar I, et al. Synthesis and characterization of Zn-Al layered double hydroxide nanofluid and its application as a coolant in metal quenching[J]. Applied Clay Science, 2017, 143: 241-249.

[7] Zhou M, Yan L, Ling H, et al. Design and fabrication of enhanced corrosion resistance Zn-Al layered double hydroxides films based anion-exchange mechanism on magnesium alloys[J]. Applied Surface Science, 2017, 405: 246-253.

[8] Li M, Cheng J P, Fang J H, et al. NiAl-layered double hydroxide/reduced graphene oxide composite: microwave-assisted synthesis and supercapacitive properties[J]. Electrochimica Acta, 2014, 134 (21): 309-318.

[9] Wang Y L, Ji H Q, Peng W, et al. Gold nanoparticle-coated Ni/Al layered double hydroxides on glassy carbon electrode for enhanced methanol electro-oxidation[J]. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2012, 37 (11): 9324-9329.

[10] Chen H, Wang J M, Pan T, et al. Effects of coprecipitated zinc on the structure and Electrochemical performance of Ni/Al-layered double hydroxide[J]. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2002, 27 (5): 489-496.

[11] Vizca A J, Lindo M, Carrero A, et al. Hydrogen production by steam reforming of ethanol using Ni catalysts based on ternary mixed oxides prepared by coprecipitation[J]. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2012, 37 (2): 1985-1992.

[12] Barattini L, Ramis G, Resini C, et al. Reaction path of ethanol and acetic acid steam reforming over Ni-Zn-Al catalysts flow reactor studies[J]. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2009, 153 (1): 43-49.

[13] Yi H H, Zhao S Z, Tang X L, et al. Influence of calcination temperature on the hydrolysis of carbonyl sulfide over hydrotalcite-derived Zn-Ni-Al catalyst[J]. Catalysis Communications, 2011, 12 (15): 1492-1495.

[14] Wang X R, Wu P X, Lu Y H, et al. NiZnAl layered double hydroxides as photocatalyst under solar radiation for photocatalytic degradation of orange G[J]. Separation and Purification Technology, 2014, 132: 195-205.

[15] Wu F X, Liang J, Peng Z J, et al. Electrochemical deposition and characterization of Zn-Al layered double hydroxides (LDHs) films on magnesium alloy[J]. Applied Surface Science, 2014, 313 (10): 834-840.

[16] Gong J M, Wang L Y, Song D D, et al. Stripping voltammetric analysis of organophosphate pesticides using Ni/Al layered double hydroxides as solid-phase extraction[J]. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 2009, 25 (2) :493-496.

[17] Ju J, Bai J, Bo X J, et al. Non-enzymatic acetylcholine sensor based on Ni-Al layered double hydroxides/ordered mesoporous carbon[J]. Electrochimica Acta, 2012, 78 (78): 569-575.

[18] Yin Z L, Wu J J, Yang Z S. Amperometric sensors based on Ni/Al and Co/Al layered double hydroxides modified electrode and their application for hydrogen peroxide detection[J]. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 2011, 26 (5): 1970-1974.

[19] Scavetta E, Mignani A, Prandstraller D, et al. Electrosynthesis of thin films of Ni, Al hydrotalcite like compounds[J]. Chemistry of Materials, 2007, 19 (18): 4523-4529.

[20] Yarger M S, Steinmiller E M, Choi K S. Electrochemical synthesis of Zn-Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) films[J]. Inorganic Chemistry, 2008, 47 (13): 5859-5865.

[21] Ghosh D, Mandal M, Das C K. Solid state flexible asymmetric supercapacitor based on carbon fiber supported hierarchical Co(OH)xCO3 and Ni(OH)2[J]. Langmuir the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids, 2015, 31 (28): 7835-7843.

[22] Jin G P, Wang X L, Fu Y, et al. Preparation of tetraoxalyl ethylenediamine melamine resin grafted-carbon fibers for nano-nickel recovery from spent electroless nickel plating baths[J]. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2012, 203 (5): 440-446.

[23] Jin G P, Peng X, Chen Q Z. Preparation of novel arrays silver nanoparticles modified polyrutincoat paraffin-impregnated graphite electrode for tyrosine and tryptophan’s oxidation[J]. Electroanalysis, 2010, 20 (8): 907-915.

[24] Jin G P, He J B, Rui Z B. Electrochemical behavior and adsorptive stripping voltammetric determination of quercetin at multi-wall carbon nanotubes-modified paraffin-impregnated graphite disk electrode[J]. Electrochimica Acta, 2006, 51 (21): 4341-4346.

[25] Jin G P, Peng X, Ding Y F, et al. Electrodeposition of platinum-nickel alloy nanocomposites on polyaniline-multiwalled carbon nanotubes for carbon monoxide redox[J]. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 2009, 13 (6): 967-973.

[26] Ayad M M, Salahuddin N A, Minisy I M, et al. Chitosan/polyaniline nano fibers coating on the quartzcrystal microbalance electrode for gas sensing[J]. Sensors and Actuators B Chemical, 2014, 202 (4): 144-153.

[27] Han M G, Cho S K, Oh S G, et al. Preparation and characterization of polyaniline nanoparticles synthesized from DBSA micellar solution[J]. Synthetic Metals, 2002, 126 (1): 53-60.

[28] Xun P P (许翩翩), Zhang F X (张藩贤), Wang W F (王文峰). Oxidative Carbonylation of Aniline by Pd/C Catalyst[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Chemistry, 1997, 14(4): 41-45.

[29] Petrov I, Grupce O. Amide and thioamide bands of benzanilide and thiobenzanilide in the vibrational spectra[J]. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1984, 115:481-484.

[30] Wu T H, Yen F L, Lin L T, et al. Preparation, physicochemical characterization, and antioxidant effects of quercetin nanoparticles[J]. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 2008, 346 (2): 160-168.

[31] Yi W X (尹文萱), Wang X Y (王兴涌), Wang J H (王建怀), et al. FTIR study of rutin, quercetin in and their metal complexes[J]. Journal of China University of Mining &Technology(中国矿业大学学报), 2009, 38 (6): 884-888.

[32] Sirés I, Brillas E, Oturan M A, et al. Electrochemical advanced oxidation processes: today and tomorrow. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2014, 21 (14): 8336-8367.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.