Corresponding Author

Li NIU(lniu@gzhu.edu.cn)


With the developments in the internet of things, artificial intelligence and human-computer interaction technology, soft, flexible and wearable electronic devices provide a novel platform for monitoring of the human vital signs, and recognition of human behaviors to connect human being and machine without consciousness. Recent progresses about wearable and flexible electronics that can provide accurate, non-invasive, long-term and continuous monitoring of human vital sings including pulse, temperature, skin activities, breathing and heart rate are summarized. The working mechanisms, current statuses and challenges in temperature sensor, strain sensor and pressure sensor are discussed. The review concludes with a prospect of current challenges and opportunities for future research directions. Some flexible power supply devices including flexible supercapacitors, batteries, solar cells, triboelectric nanogenerators, biofuel cells and so on are also introduced.

Graphical Abstract


wearable sensing devices, monitoring vital signs, flexible sensors, wearable power devices

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