Corresponding Author

Ying-Qiang Wu(yqwu02@tsinghua.edu.cn);
Xiang-Ming He(hexm@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn)


Lithium layered oxide LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 (NCM622) is one of the most promising cathode materials in high-energy lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles. However, one drawback for NCM622 is that its initial coulombic efficiency (ICE) is only about 87%, which is at least 6% lower than that of LiCoO2 or LiFePO4. In this work, we investigated the effects of surface chemical residues (e.g., LiOH and Li2CO3) and Li/Ni cation disorder resulted during the sintering on the ICE. We found that the ICE of the as-prepared samples could be boosted from 80.80% to 86.68% as the sintering temperatures were increased from 825 to 900 oC. The corresponding Li/Ni cation disorder and surface chemical residues were also reduced with the increasing sintering temperatures. Furthermore, the ICE of the sample sintered at 825 oC could be enhanced by 3.57% after washing with HNO3 solution to remove the surface residues despite the Li/Ni cation disorder being increased. These results demonstrate that minimizing the amount of surface residuals and the degree of Li/Ni cation disorder through an appropriate sintering process and post-treatment technology is critical to achieve a high ICE and improve the electrochemical performances of NCM622.

Graphical Abstract


lithium layered oxide cathode, initial coulombic efficiency, surface chemical residues, Li/Ni cation disorder

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