Corresponding Author

Yun-Na Sun(Cecilia_Sun@sjtu.cn);
Gui-Fu Ding(gfding@sjtu.edu.cn)


Aiming at the electroplating filling problem of deep via TSV (through silicon via) interconnection, the multi-compatible integrated manufacturing technology team at the Shanghai Jiao Tong University has completed the numerical solution of the equations and realized the numerical simulation of TSV filling mode by applying the finite element method with arbitrary Lagrange Euler algorithm. The filling mechanisms of blind vias, the butterfly filling form for the through vias and the simultaneous filling mode of vias with different aspect ratios are analyzed by simulation, contributing to the parameter optimization and sample manufacturing. The effects of electroplating current density and heat treatment temperature on the mechanical properties of electroplating filled TSV-Cu were investigated by in-situ compression test and uniaxial film tensile test. With the increase of heat treatment temperature, the fracture strength and yield strength decreased significantly, and the Young's modulus changed slowly in a corrugated shape. The influence of the current density was more complexed. Based on the above research results, the thermal deformation mechanism of interconnection structure caused by thermal mismatch stress was studied through the self-built in-situ testing system, which gives change in the real-time deformation of TSV-Cu with temperature. The results showed that the thermal deformation process can be divided into the elastic deformation stage, the quasi plastic strengthening stage and the plastic deformation stage.

Graphical Abstract


through silicon via, numerical simulation, Cu electrodeposition mechanism, arbitrary lagrange-eulerian, 2.5-dimension interposer

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